Thursday, October 29, 2009

Elephant Dung Paper

Today, while I was cleaning my room, I smiled as I was finding this item inside my drawer. It is the souvenir of one of my "friend" while she was went to Thailand last year.When I received this souvenir, I felt very surprising. Do you know why I smile? Because it is not the usual note as you think. It is called "Elephant Dung Paper Notebook".

What is Elephant Dung Paper?

Aiyo, it means the paper of the notebook is made by the elephant shit!!!! Surprise? How can your friend buy the shit for you as souvenir!! Anyway, I am very happy to own this kind of the "unusual souvenir".

You must feel very curious, why the elephant shit can used to be making paper? It is one of the creative product originated from Thailand. Nowadays, the elephant dung paper always used as souvenir for tourism purpose rather than commercial using as this kind of paper is not suitable for writing, but used for art painting is quite good. Sri Langka also quite major in this industry.

You can read the following text, if you really interesting about it.

Elephants excrete as much as 50 per cent of what they eat. That, experts say, is normally between 200kg to 250kg of food a day. Since their diet is all vegetarian, the waste produced is basically raw cellulose, raw material from which paper is made.

In effect, the pachyderms perform the first stage of any paper-making process when they excrete dung, that is getting the fibre. Few accurate estimates are available, but elephant dung makers say they need approximately 15kg of elephant dung to make 500 sheets of thin paper. The texture and colour of the paper depends on the elephant's diet.

First, elephant dung is collected and dried. Then it is washed thoroughly with water and disinfectant so that only the fibre is left. The remaining fibre is carefully sorted to remove all non-dung fibres (which might have stuck to the dung that is often collected from roadsides or reserved forests). After it is sorted, it is boiled for at least four hours in a vat, to ensure the fibres are clean and soft. The manufacturing process thereafter is similar to that of handmade paper. The boiled pulp is then put through pulp beaters. Colours or dyes are added when the pulp is beaten in the beater. Then the pulp is mixed with water, and lifted up on flat sieves, to dry into reams of paper. Once the paper has dried, it is either smoothened by stones or by passing it through a calendering machine to make it smooth and usable.

Elephant dung paper is uniquely textured and has a papyrus-like quality. It can be used to make many different products, such as stationery items, diaries, greeting cards and coasters, in a wide variety of styles and colours. Elephant dung can also be blended with a great variety of fibres and dyes to make it interesting and commercially viable.

Elephants are uniquely bad digesters of food, excreting pretty much half of what they eat (mostly fibre), unchanged. Which is why their dung makes fine paper. Most other grass and straw eaters digest their food better, so the fibre in their dung is not long enough to make good paper.

However, in South Africa, some people have successfully made paper with rhino dung mixed with elephant dung. In addition, Kangaroo poo paper is being made commercially in Australia for a while now. And there are papermakers in parts of North America and Europe experimenting with Reindeer, Donkey and Camel poo.


  1. what!?? how i duno?
    i oso got one from puiyee last time during her trip to langkawi. who's that fren who jeng gu u?

  2. engchi: now i tell u loo, u tak tau i am encyclopedia?haha

    ya looo, this "friend" really treat me so good, even go Thailand oso dun forget buy the "shit paper" to me,hahahah

    do u know her?

  3. she buy for u to wipe ur shit!wahahaha!

  4. engchi: the one i gave you also dung paper arr? i din know oh... haha~