Thursday, October 29, 2009

Elephant Dung Paper

Today, while I was cleaning my room, I smiled as I was finding this item inside my drawer. It is the souvenir of one of my "friend" while she was went to Thailand last year.When I received this souvenir, I felt very surprising. Do you know why I smile? Because it is not the usual note as you think. It is called "Elephant Dung Paper Notebook".

What is Elephant Dung Paper?

Aiyo, it means the paper of the notebook is made by the elephant shit!!!! Surprise? How can your friend buy the shit for you as souvenir!! Anyway, I am very happy to own this kind of the "unusual souvenir".

You must feel very curious, why the elephant shit can used to be making paper? It is one of the creative product originated from Thailand. Nowadays, the elephant dung paper always used as souvenir for tourism purpose rather than commercial using as this kind of paper is not suitable for writing, but used for art painting is quite good. Sri Langka also quite major in this industry.

You can read the following text, if you really interesting about it.

Elephants excrete as much as 50 per cent of what they eat. That, experts say, is normally between 200kg to 250kg of food a day. Since their diet is all vegetarian, the waste produced is basically raw cellulose, raw material from which paper is made.

In effect, the pachyderms perform the first stage of any paper-making process when they excrete dung, that is getting the fibre. Few accurate estimates are available, but elephant dung makers say they need approximately 15kg of elephant dung to make 500 sheets of thin paper. The texture and colour of the paper depends on the elephant's diet.

First, elephant dung is collected and dried. Then it is washed thoroughly with water and disinfectant so that only the fibre is left. The remaining fibre is carefully sorted to remove all non-dung fibres (which might have stuck to the dung that is often collected from roadsides or reserved forests). After it is sorted, it is boiled for at least four hours in a vat, to ensure the fibres are clean and soft. The manufacturing process thereafter is similar to that of handmade paper. The boiled pulp is then put through pulp beaters. Colours or dyes are added when the pulp is beaten in the beater. Then the pulp is mixed with water, and lifted up on flat sieves, to dry into reams of paper. Once the paper has dried, it is either smoothened by stones or by passing it through a calendering machine to make it smooth and usable.

Elephant dung paper is uniquely textured and has a papyrus-like quality. It can be used to make many different products, such as stationery items, diaries, greeting cards and coasters, in a wide variety of styles and colours. Elephant dung can also be blended with a great variety of fibres and dyes to make it interesting and commercially viable.

Elephants are uniquely bad digesters of food, excreting pretty much half of what they eat (mostly fibre), unchanged. Which is why their dung makes fine paper. Most other grass and straw eaters digest their food better, so the fibre in their dung is not long enough to make good paper.

However, in South Africa, some people have successfully made paper with rhino dung mixed with elephant dung. In addition, Kangaroo poo paper is being made commercially in Australia for a while now. And there are papermakers in parts of North America and Europe experimenting with Reindeer, Donkey and Camel poo.

Wednesday, October 28, 2009

lets compare the school uniform...

1. United States
School uniform is not compulsory for US student.

3. Japan

4. United Kingdom
5.Australia (Compulsory black stocking and shoes)

6. Thailand (wah all sweet sweet oooo)


8. Bhutan (where is the beg? they keep the books inside the uniform)

9. The most unique school uniform in world---MALAYSIA!!!

Sunday, October 25, 2009

liang lui??

today is the number drawing of social welfare ticket, while i was reading the web news suddenly i found something very surprising.....

Friday, October 23, 2009

Budget Malaysia 2009

*Government to make it easier for skilled/qualified people to get permanent residence status. Visa to be granted for family within 14 days.

* CSR Fund of RM100mil to be set up to carry out social programmes.

* Tax breaks for registration of patents and copyrights.

* Big scale factory outlets to be set up to boost tourism besides having major events like KL Grand Prix Fest, National Water Festival, Malaysia International Golf Exhibition and Rain Forest Eco-Challenges

* Taxpayers will get tax relief on broadband subscription fee of up to RM500 from 2010 to 2012. Civil servants can apply for computer loans up to a maximum of RM5,000 from the govt once in every 5 years.

* RM6bil for agriculture sector for irrigation of paddy fields, fish production, fruit farming, livestock farming infrastructure, training

* RM2bil subsidy for farmers and fishermen including subsidies for fertilisers, incentives for padi yields and allowances for fishermen

* RM9bil to finance infrastructure projects including road and bridges projects and rail, sea ports and airports facilities

* RM1.5bil fund to promote green technology by providing soft loans to companies that supply and use green technology

* RM200mil Creative Industry Fund to finance film, drama, music productions, animation, advertisements through Bank Simpanan Nasional

* RM30bil to be allocated to enhance primary and secondary school education nationwide

* Rewards for students who excel in studies:

- 30 National Scholarships for the creme de la creme of students, stictly based on merit

- Conversion of PTPTN loans to scholarships for students who graduate with 1st class honours degree, beginning from 2010,

- Offer of netbook package, including free broadband service, to university students for RM50 per month for 2 years.

* The Permata programme, which emphasises on early childcare and education, including the gifted child programme, to get RM100mil

* Insurance industry to be improved to meet market demand.

* Govt to clamp down on the abuses committed by Ah Longs by enforcing Anti-Money Laundering and Anti Terrorism Financing Act 2001. Moneylenders Act 1951 to be also reviewed.

* Allow 100% foreign equity participation in corporate finance and financial planning companies compared with the present requirement of at least 30% local shareholding.

* To ensure rapid development of financial services, the existing tax incentives to be extended to 2015.

* Among steps to combat corruption is to set up 14 Special Corruption Sessions Courts and 4 Special Corruption Appeal High Courts.

* Tax of 5% to be imposed on gains from the disposal of real property from Jan 1, 2010. Existing tax exemption will be retained for gifts between parent-child, husband-wife, grandparent-grandchild.

* To promote prudent spending, a service charge of RM50 a year to be imposed on each principal credit card and charge card; and RM25 a year on each supplementary card, effective from Jan 1, 2010.

* To ensure that fuel subsidies only benefit targeted groups, Govt will implement a fuel subsidy management system in early 2010, which will utilise the MyKad.

* All ministries and govt departments are required to provide day care and education centres for children of civil servants.

* The maximum income tax rate for individuals to be reduced to 26% from assessment year 2010. Personal relief increased to RM9,000.

* Police force to get RM1bil to improve its services in govt's efforts to reduce crime. Major measures include to increase police presence, including mobile police stations in 50 crime hotspots.

* To promote house ownership, Govt will launch a scheme that enables EPF contributors to utilise current and future savings in Account 2.

* Employees' EPF contribution to be increased to 11% again, on a voluntary basis, effective immediately. However, from Jan 1, 2011 employees' EPF contribution will revert to 11%.

* Personal relief for EPF and life insurance schemes to be increased to RM7,000.

Thursday, October 22, 2009

We are friends again...

Bahasa Malaysia
Kertas 2 (Bahagian B)
Karangan Berdasarkan Rangsangan Gambar

Lihat gambar-gambar di bawah dengan teliti. Huraikan pendapat anda tentang Kepalsuan Muka-muka MCA sejak kebelakangan ini, panjang huraian anda hendaklah tidak melebihi 120 patah perkataan.



Sunday, October 18, 2009

Satu lagi Kebanggaan Malaysia - Proton Arena

THE PROTON JUMBUCK (Proton Arena), Australia’s cheapest ute, has scored a dismal 1-Star rating after the latest round of ANCAP crash testing.

With more commercial vehicles now achieving 4-Star and 5-Star ratings, (the Mercedes-Benz Vito recently became the first to receive a full 5-Star rating), ANCAP says the results for the low-cost utes are particularly concerning.

“Crash statistics show that occupants of 1 or 2-Stars vehicles have twice the risk of receiving life-threatening injuries in a crash, compared with 4 or 5-Star vehicles - at a time when 4 and 5-Star ratings are becoming increasingly available for new car buyers,” ANCAP Chairman Lauchlan McIntosh said.

“New vehicles that achieve only a 1 or 2-Star ANCAP rating - while meeting the ADRs - are a cause for concern.”

The Proton Jumbuck and both Great Wall utes fared poorly in ANCAP’s testing, with all three experiencing significant loss of cabin integrity during the offset crash test.

The Jumbuck scored just one point out of 16 for the frontal offset crash, while the SA220 and V240 scored 2.32 and 2.36 respectively. Head and leg protection was low for both models.

“The SA220 and the Jumbuck lack airbags and other safety features that are expected as standard equipment by new car buyers,” Mr McIntosh said.

“The V240 has dual airbags but these failed to protect the driver and passenger from injury in our crash tests.” ( it means wheter got airbag or not also is the same, do you trust again the airbag system of Proton?)

Despite the low ratings for the SA220 and V240, Great Wall importer Ateco Automotive is putting a positive spin on the results, saying a 2-Star rating is a good outcome for the Chinese-built utilities.

However, the company also says Great Wall engineers will study the ANCAP test results and work towards improving safety for future products.

“Great Wall takes safety very, very seriously,” Ateco spokesperson Daniel Cotterill said.

“Our technical people from Ateco and the technical people from Great Wall are really head-down working on the information that’s been made available to them, and they are coming back to us very confident that they can make significant advances insofar as safety is concerned.”

Sentence making section!!!

"According to the Proton Berhad before, Proton Wira is using the same car chassis as Proton Arena...."

(the best sentences connection, will be awarded a medal!!)

You can watch the video clip for the amazing performance of Proton Product

"Cicak-man" in Madagascar

Do you know what is this? Its name is Leaf-tailed geckos, a type of lizard which is very expertsing in camouflage at Madagascar.

Leaf-tailed or Uroplatus geckos are one of Madagascar's most unique species. These moderate- to large-sized geckos rely on cryptic coloration as they sleep with their heads downward, flattened against tree trunks and adjusting their body coloration to their surroundings. Inactive during the day, Uroplatus geckos move only when disturbed. They respond to prodding with an impressive display of a brightly colored gaping mouth and an erect tail. At night they hunt insects.

Leaf-tailed geckos are existed in 9 species (so far found in Madagascar)

Uroplatus ebenaui

Uroplatus fimbriatus with flying insect

Uroplatus fimbriatus gecko on Nosy Mangabe

Uroplatus phantasticus gecko

Monday, October 12, 2009

What? Bra?

yes, don't be surprise, it is bra. However it is not for you...(if you are interesting, sure you can own and wear it, haha)

Recent years, the Chinese "paper handicraft item" has been quite creative, it are not like what we have seen at previous such as the car, paper notes,cloth,television, hand phone...

The business man are very smart, they even come out the "Paper-made Bra". Don't think it was a joke, it is hottest "paper handicraft item" at Qing Ming Festival (ancestors memorial day), 2009.

So, what are you waiting, crap it fast!!

Thursday, October 1, 2009

Do you dare to eat the "roasted pigeon" again?

Roasted pigeon,乳鸽 is one of the "famous meal" of Chinese population especially the Cantonese ethinic. Such of recipe has passed over thousand of years ago, (remarks: not all the Chinese dare to eat it).

According to the FEAR FACTOR movie publishers record, roasted pigeon as one of the ten nauseating meal for western people.

come back...come back... i am not introducing your the roasted pigeon!!!

Let me bring you to see the another type of "roasted pigeon" in China which made by.....

The moral of the story:

Please do not simply eat the food in China, there are a lot of the "black hearten" food in China...